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Masters in Canada

Study in Canada

Canada contains 3 territories and 10 provinces, it is the biggest country in the whole of North America. Situated in the north of the continent it is colder than other North American countries. Ottawa is the capital of the country

With relatively easier immigration policy and even friendly policies Canada has become a hot destination for higher studies. Not only for degree, international students flocking to Canada for diploma as well as vocational training.

How to study in Canada from India?

The first question that arises in the mind of the student, and rightly so, is that how are they going to make in happen. How will they get an admission in the Canadian universities? The process is a long one, and it starts from applying to the University of your Choice. There are several levels of the admission process that you will get to know as you read on. Once you get done with all the formalities and secure admission in the university you can go ahead and apply for the student Visa.

Education System

Most people perceive Canada to be similar than the USA, but when it comes to education this notion could not be more wrong. The system depends upon the part of country you are in. Based on territory and the province you are in, the system will drastically change.

Canada, if you do not know, has a certain French influence because of its history. For similar reasons universities allow education in French as well as English. French is second language for vast majority of people in the country. High school is 9 to 12 grade, the typical one.

Students have two option after their school ends, they can either opt for a university or they can go for vocational training.

Popular student destinations

The best of the colleges are based in either Montreal, Toronto, or the British Columbia. In the year 2019 (pre-pandemic data), the number of Indian students rose to 1.40 lakhs, which, makes up over 14% of the international students.

Canada is the preferred destination for vocational studies rather than degree courses as the former seems to provide more employment opportunities. Canada is a good choice for immigration as the country offers immense scope for work owing to its low population density.

Owning to its friendly immigration policy, and high scope of work due to less population Canada is the most preferred for the vocational training. Securing job after the training is easier than other countries. Having said that, it does not mean that the Universities are not up to the mark, Canada has some exceptional higher study destinations. Simon Fraser University, McGill University, The University of British Columbia, and University of Alberta are belong on every students list of top five universities.

Canada offers wonderful PG diploma in Media, Engineering, Business Management, and Hospitality.

Lifestyle Tips

Canadian people are known for being nice. Alongside that, they are very proud of their diverse culture. When you visit Canada, this is what the people will expect from you –

  • Punctuality. Be it social occasions like festivals, parties, or professional commitment, they are always on time.
  • Always be polite. They are very respectful people and they expect the same from others.
  • Canadians believe in equality between genders, so show respect to the opposite sex
  • Refrain from sexist jokes. Show respect to the opposite sex.
  • Refrain from jokes on gender, disability, race, disability, religion, sexual orientation.
  • Refrain from asking personal question like salary, age and others.
Language problems

Since it is an English speaking country you have to be good at English. But due to its French influence, you will encounter occasional French as well. At first, this could be challenging but most students prefer to learn the language. Here are few challenges you are likely to encounter:

  • The country is huge! So you will find that accents change from region to region. The local accents are not very difficult to adjust to. You will need to give some time, that’s all.
  • Indian accent could be problem for native English speaker. They might find it difficult to understand. It is recommended that you speak slowly, without being shy, and pronouncing each word as clearly as you can.
  • People over their use a lot of slangs that you might not be aware of. Make sure you find a good Canadian friend you will make you accustomed to the slangs so that you do not feel left out and be a part of the culture.
  • Canadian people are humorous. A banter here and a banter there is appreciated as long as it does not offend anyone.
  • They use abbreviation – like Pol Sci for political science. Do not hesitate to ask the meaning of the abbreviation if you do not understand anything.

Participation: Make sure you participate in as many activities as you can, be it during class discussions, or any other ground activity. It is crucial that you get along in class but that does not mean you become a bookworm. Extracurricular activities are great not only to socialize but it also gives you the chances to grow holistically and learn from experience.

Making friends: It is understandable that international student try to find tribe of their own country, it is not wrong but you know what they say, while in Rome do as Romans. It is important that you make friend from different countries, because college experience is not a recurring one. Make full use of it. Also be polite and ready ‘thank you’ and ‘please’ to show gratitude. It is an intricate part of who they are and their custom. The sooner you get used to it, the better it will be for you.

Accommodation

This depends on where you have decided to stay in your college years. If you want to go for university hostel the cost would be very different than going for private space. The university hostel also comes with options, whether you want catering included or not. The price will fall in different category.

If you have decided to rent, looking out for options near to the university will be a good start. The prices are different in different areas. So at the end of the day, it will depend on you what you want to go with.

Before renting a place, we recommend you to read the rights and responsibilities. This will make you prepare for adverse situations.

Orientation

For international students orientation is mandatory. It takes up the first week of the program. You will be introduced to the services, classes, as well as the universities. Most the colleges give out handbooks to the students, read the one you will get because it has all the information a student might need.

Activities

Canada as we discussed above, has a diverse culture. So alongside the regular extracurricular activities like sports you should take part in drama, music and other country related things. There will be occasional tours to concerts and theatres, art galleries, historical centers and much more. Make sure you do not miss a single event.

How to get Admission to Canadian Universities?

How to apply to Canadian Universities from India?

The requirements are different depending on the course and university you choose. But proficiency in English language is mandatory. Also the colleges need a minimum academic score which varies depending on the course. For humanities it is 65%, science it is 70%. And if you are applying for a diploma, you need to have at least 60% to be able to apply.

Note: The student must check with the university before applying. This information does not apply to all the universities.

Documents

The following documents also need to be submitted:

You need to take care of following documents –

  • 10th, 12th, UG mark sheet.
  • Two academic reference letters from recent teachers or professor (the more the better).
  • LOR from employer if you have worked.
  • SOP
  • Resume
  • Essays (depends on the university)
  • Score of GMAT / GRE / IELTS / TOEFL
  • Portfolio
  • Relevant certificates (if any)
  • Proof of funds
Timeline

Every college has a nominal application fees. The amount is not set and it varies from university to university. They require you to share some basic information, submit the application fee, and pay the application fee. Once the student clears the round, she will be informed.

Follow the below steps in order to apply for the college –

  • Find a university of your liking
  • Look for a college and a program that you want
  • Contact the administration, and collect gather important information from the website.
  • Attempt SAT, GMAT, GRE, TOEFL, IELTS
  • Write your essays, Letter of recommendation, State of purpose.
  • Apply for the college you like
  • Take the online video conference or interview upon getting shortlisted
  • If you get accepted, apply for that student visa

Essay: The topics try to evaluate the students on the basis of strength, weakness, experience, skill, career aspirations, and most important – the reason for picking the particular school. You will need to submit different essays as the university demands. It is a part of the admission process.

LOR: The purpose of the letter if to let the college know the qualities of the students from an authentic source.

LOR is written by the third party mentioning the students’ qualities, capabilities, striking characteristics. It could be your manager, employer, teacher, or professor who write it for you.

SOP: Make sure that it is written in first person and mentions the all the right reason that why you want to apply for that college. . It should be right balance that reflect how is your personality very objectively. SOP is how to introduce yourself to the admission officer of the university. The SOP should also mention why you right fit for them and why you should be accepted to the college. Keep the SOP casual, but at the same time, do not make it look like you are boasting or you do not care enough.

Top 10 Universities in The Canada

Top 10 Scholorships in The Canada

Intake seasons

Mainly the intake session starts in January and September at the same time there are some institutions which accept admission in May, July, and October as well. The important intake season in Canada for the top courses in September. On the other hand, the smaller intake season would be January. This takes up for a very small number of courses.

Ideally, the student should start the admission process in advance. The six months period is crucial before you submit the application. Usually, majority of the universities have multiple deadlines starting from October which goes on to January.

The students should decide which deadline they want to aim for. Also, you get to get done with the aptitude and language at least three months before the time of the deadline. That is how long it takes to create a flawless application which will be very hard to reject.

Depending on what course you chose, you will have different deadlines and intake session. But some of the colleges do not accept admission in the January session. So you need to be well aware of all the deadlines.

How is the life of Indian students in Canada?

Majority of the Indian population prefer to reside at dense urban centers including Vancouver, Toronto. 70% of Indians reside in relatively small communities based in Calgary, Edmonton, and Montreal. These small communities are growing every passing year.

Indians in Vancouver are from different parts of India. A place called Little India exists in Vancouver and a section of Gerrard Street (Toronto) in Toronto as well. Indians in Vancouver mainly live in the suburb of Surrey, or nearby Abbotsford, and also in other parts of Vancouver.

Vancouver has a lot of Indians. The stereotypes about only Sikhs going Canada falls flat on its face when you visit a place Little India in Vancouver and also Toronto. The suburban area of these cities are taken by Indians at large.

Population of Indian student has been growing steeply in last year of two. Among all the international students Indians got the permits in the biggest numbers in the year 2019. The second is China which is at 85,000, while the number from Indian student is at 130,000.

Which tests are required to study in Canada?

SAT, GMAT, GRE, TOEFL, IELTS are compulsory if you wish to get in any of colleges. These test have different, formats, band of result. All of tests different in their own way, mostly colleges just need one of the results of either of the test. It is safe to say that it depends on the student which test they want to take.

Repetition of exams: The test of IELTS can be taken an as many times as the student wants, but on the other hand TOEFL has a cap on the times it can be taken and retaken. The rules of PTE are same with the IELTS, as there is no cap on the number of times it can be taken.

Note – One rule that applies on each of the test is that you will have to wait for the test in order to apply for retest.

Fee: The standard fee for all these exams is between 13000-14000 INR.,

Time to apply: The college and university have rules about which test they accept. At times, they also give you option, in that case the result of the test you want to submit depends on you. In order to prepare for these tests, it takes somewhere between two to four months of time.

Is IELTS enough to study in Canada? The answer is no, here are the list on exams required for different courses.

General exams

GMAT – This is the exams taken by the MBA aspirant or the students who want to study management or business courses in the United States of America. This test evaluates English, reason skill, and also math.

GRE – This test is taken by the students who want to pursue MS or MA. In recent times, business schools have started to accept the score of this test.

SAT – SAT is taken by the school students who want to go abroad to do their undergrad. This tests the literacy as well as general writing skill of the students. Problem solving skills is also a significant part of the test.

The university you will be applying to will mention which exam results will be applicable to the course of your choice. But if they give a choice to go for either of these, then the choice depends on you.

Repetition and Fee: GMAT does have any cap on the retests, but it cannot be more than five times a year. 30 days gap must be taken before the retests. GMAT retest price in 1800 INR, GRE is INR 14,965, and LSAT is INR 3,800.

Average Scores: The accepted GMAT scores is 547, 155 for Verbal, 167 for Quantitative, and 5.0 for writing in GRE. 162 is the accepted score for LSAT.

Cost of living:

Cost of living will vary depending on where stay. If it is a university hostel the price will be on a little lower side, it will also include catering. But if you live in a privately own place, the price will change based on locality. If it is closer to the university, how posh it is, and several other factors. Other than rent, this is what consist in cost of living.

Read the list

  • Accommodation rent ( on campus or off campus )
  • Rent
  • Food and grocery
  • Basic utilities like internet, gas, water, and electricity
  • Phone bills
  • Reference books
  • Air tickets
  • Other elements which could change the cost of living would be:
  • Dining out
  • Eat out
  • Travelling
  • Renting a car
  • Cable TV
Cost of Studying in Canada

The tuition fee varies according to different universities, courses, and the city. The tuition expenses in Canada might be up to CAD 10,000 – 30,000 per year for an undergraduate course. And if you are thinking of applying to a postgraduate course, the cost would be CAD 15,000 – 55,000 per year approximately.

Living expenses

Canada is not expensive as USA or any other European country for that matter. An average student would need around 12,000 Canadian dollar for a year. As we have mentioned above, any budget cannot be applied generally to all the cities. If you living in metropolitan city like Vancouver, Toronto, or Montreal the living expense would definitely increase. It could go as high as CAD 15,000. But living the suburban area could cut the cost down to CAD 8,000.

Health insurance

Just like any other country with a lot of international student influx, Canada has also made it mandatory to have health insurance policy. If you are living abroad for a longer period of time for studying or even working – health insurance is compulsory. It is recommended that before buying any insurance the student must check few important aspects like what all it covers, does it include accident, study interruption, dental treatment, and passport loss and so on.

Since the insurance would be cashless, you will not have to pay at the hospital.

Scholarships to Study in Canada

Fee waivers are given to international student on basis of need and also merit. The students with good track record including in academics as well as extracurricular activities are preferred above the rest for financial assistance and scholarship award.

If you are eyeing for that scholarship, you must make sure that you have all your documents sorted as that is the very first step. Adding to that, the presentation of the application makes the world of difference.

Documents required
  • Mark sheet, degree, or any other academic record.
  • Updated CV
  • Cover page, also known as the letter of intent
  • A letter of intent, which acts as a cover page
  • LOR
  • IELTS or TOEFL score
Loans

Student eligibility criteria

First things first, you will have to check whether or not you make the cut for getting the loan. This is non-exhaustive list of the criteria –

  • Must 18 year old or over
  • Impressive academic records.
  • Must be Indian born
  • Check which bank allows which courses.
  • Must have cleared all rounds to secure admission in the college
Eligibility of course:

You cannot get loan for all the courses. These are sort of course which make you eligible for the education loan.

  • For Undergrad: Courses that are job oriented offered by reputed universities.
  • For Postgrad: You can get loan for MBA, MS, MCA, and also for diplomas.

Loan amount: Let us assume your fees is 10 lakhs, then the bank will only give you the 80% of the amount, you will need to bear the remaining cost. This 20% of the sum, in banking term, is known as the margin amount. The widely accepted amount for a loan is 20 lakhs, but you can get well above that. It depends on the reputation of the college. The bank charges 1% as the processing fees that the students will have to bear.

Documentation required: You will need to show the bank the letter of acceptance sent by the university. It should have the details of your courses as well as a fee breakdown.

The formality is different depending upon the bank.

Repayment: You can start to repay after the course ends. Repayment starts only after the course period. Regardless of you having a job or not, the loan must be paid in five to seven years. In some exceptions, you can get 10 years as well.

If the student got employed within one year after completion of the course, the repayment should start immediately after the expiry of one month from the date of employment.

Visa for Canada

There are not one but several types of visas one can apply for. Here is the list –

  • Student Visas
  • Temporary Visas
  • Business Class Immigration
  • Canadian Experience Class Visa
  • Visitor Visa
  • Super Visas for Parents and Grandparents
  • Federal Skilled Trades Program
  • Quebec -Selected Skilled Workers Program
  • Family-Sponsorship Program
  • Work Permits
  • Federal Skilled Worker Visa
  • Provincial Nomination Programs
  • Live-in Caregiver Program (LCP)
What are the requirements for a Student Visa in Canada?

Once you get letter of acceptance you can apply for the visa. If you are planning for September intake you must start preparing by June.

This is all you need to apply for a student visa to study in Canada.

1. Proof of acceptance: All the colleges, universities and other educational institutions in Canada need to complete and send a letter of acceptance to the students who want to study there. You need to attach the original letter of acceptance along with your study permit application.

2. Proof of financial support: You need to give a proof to the College or institution that you are able to support yourself as well as the family members who accompany you while you are in Canada.

Note: Additional documents may be required.

While you’re at the personal interview, the interviewer might request for certain additional documents. These documents may be regarding proof of academic or financial status. The documents include:

  • Transcripts, degrees, diplomas or certificates from the schools you attended.
  • Scorecards from various tests such as GRE, SAT, GMAT, or TOEFL.
  • The document of intent to depart from Canada upon completion of the course of study.
  • The proof of how you plan to pay the living, educational and travel costs.
How to get a Student Visa for Canada

There are various steps to apply for a visa to Canada

Check the processing time: The visa application cycle takes around 3-4 weeks to get processed. It is always advised to go through the Canadian consulate website to know the approximate time it takes to process the student visa. Also note that the time shown is just an estimate and it’s not a guarantee.

Decide how you plan to apply
There are two ways to apply:

 

1. Online application

To apply online you should have the access to a scanner or a camera which can create electronic copies of your documents for uploading. You also need to have a valid credit card for payments. From 31st December 2018, students from Asia, Asia Pacific and USA are required to provide with a finger scan at the regional visa application centre (VAC).

2. Apply offline

You need to download the application kit and go through the instruction guide. The guide contains important information about student permits and instructions to help you complete your application. Read the guide carefully and use the document checklist.

Pay the processing fee: Refer to the fee schedule for the cost to apply for a study permit and how to pay. The processing fee is non-refundable in all cases. For biometrics, there will be more than 130 VACs in over 90 countries and all VACs will be equipped to collect biometric information (fingerprints and photograph). Indian students need to contact the local VFS office to apply for the visa.

If your spouse/common-law partner and/or children are accompanying you and you are applying for temporary resident visas, work permits or study permits for them, then you will need to pay the appropriate processing fees for them.

Submitting your application and supporting documents:

Since you need to give your biometrics, you cannot send your application via email. You’ll either have to apply online or personally go to the VFS office to submit it. In both the cases, you are required to go to a VAC to submit your biometrics.

Medical exam

The visa application process to Canada requires a mandatory medical exam for the Indian students. Your personal doctor cannot perform the medical test. You need to visit a doctor on the list of panel physicians, which is provided on the official website of Canada migration: http://www.cic.gc.ca/.

Once the medical exam is done, the physician will send your reports to CIC. You can get the test done either before or after submitting the visa apply.

Work permit

The eligibility criteria for getting a post study work permit is given below:

  • You need to have completed a full time course from any college or university in Canada.
  • The duration of your course needs to be at least 8 months or more.
  • You need to be a graduate from either a government post-secondary institution or a private post-secondary institution
  • You have to apply for a work permit within 90 days (three months) after receiving the official confirmation letter of completing the education from the institute.
  • You are allowed to get a work permit only you have a student visa.
  • You cannot get a work permit which is longer than the duration of your course. If the course duration was 8 months, you will get the work permit for 8 months.
Visa for spouse

Spouses can go along with the students who are studying full time on a dependant visa. All you need to do is to prove that you are equipped adequate funds to support them. They are also allowed to work full time if they stay for a year or more.

Checklist before Departure
  • Pre-departure list
  • Flight tickets
  • Mandatory insurance, both health and travel
  • Accommodation
  • Travelers cheque
  • Paperwork from the educational institution
Make sure you have copies of the following documents –
  • Airline tickets
  • Passport
  • Letter of Acceptance by the educational institution
  • Travel insurance certificate
  • Medical and immunization records
  • Academic history and university transcripts
  • Prescriptions for any medication you are carrying
  • Key addresses and phone numbers
  • A bank statement showing proof of funds
  • Traveler’s cheques – if applicable

Once You Land

Homesickness

You are likely to miss you home, like all students who comes from a different country. It hits the hardest in first couple of weeks. You need to be patient for two weeks or so. The feeling will sink in, you will soak the environment and soon you will start enjoying the new place.

Do anything but do not lock yourself in the room, it will only make the things worse. If the feeling does not go away in two weeks you could ask for a counselor for homesickness. The expert on this matter say that long phonecalls makes it harder for the students. They feel more homesick after the call ends than before starting it. Try and limit the call to once a week.

Your first few weeks in Canada

The first few days are the busiest for every international student. They get to learn about the campus, make friends, and attend classes. Take your time, is what we suggest, absorb everything going on around you. Make sure to time out of your busy schedule and learn about the university.

  • Get used to the campus’ whereabouts. What’s where – like your classes, where to get your meals and other important things.
  • Do not make the mistake of not joining the International Student Club.
  • There are many workshops and alternate learning resources available for students from other countries, attend them.
  • Get you IDs. The ID will act your passport when you are in the campus.
  • Make full use of the student service that is offered to you – there will be gyms, library, and recreational center.
  • Learn how to cook. Because when you crave for Indian food you will find out that is very expensive. If you to satisfy your Indian food craving you need to be able to cook it for yourself.
Post Study Options
Post-Graduation Work Permit Program (PGWPP)

The PGWPP allows post-graduate students who have studied at a participating Canadian university/college to gain Canadian work experience. Work experience gained through the PGWPP will ultimately help students qualify for permanent residence in Canada through the Canadian Experience Class (CEC).

Duration – A post-graduation work permit can’t be valid for longer than the student’s course of study. For example, if your post-graduate course was of two years’ duration, then the work permit granted to you will also be for two years.

This program makes it possible for the PG students to gain work experience in the country. This is applicable for the students who studied in Canada.

The duration of the work permit will be equal to the duration of your study duration. If you did PG which is generally two year long, you will get two year work visa.

Applying for Post-Graduation Work Permit
  1. Apply for this permit within the span of 90 days after getting the confirmation from your university that you has cleared the exam.
  2. Fill the form that you need to.
  3. You must pay the Open Work Permit Holder fee and the Standard Work Permit fee in Canadian currency, either online or manually.
  4. The application kit will contain the mailing address where you need to send your application.
Placements

Unlike India there is no campus placement in Canada. Indian student are generally accustomed to the idea of campus placement. Over there the universities have a department known as the Career Service Center. This cell helps the student in preparing for the job interviews.

Co-Op Education Program

The Student Co-op program is a formally structured program where the intent is to recruit students, while still in school, to fill permanent positions upon graduation. In a Cooperative program, a period of study alternates with work. Co-op programs are generally undertaken at colleges and universities. Indian students who wish to participate in a co-op or internship program must apply for a work permit as well as a study permit.

Eligibility criteria

To be eligible for a work permit, you must meet the following conditions:

  • Your intended employment must be related to your program of study in Canada
  • You must have a valid study visa
  • Your employment must be part of your academic program, certified by a letter from a responsible academic official of the institution.

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